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Ben Lomond Wallflower
Ben Lomond Wallflower

Mount Hermon June Beetle
Mount Hermon June Beetle

Silverleaf Manzanita
Silverleaf Manzanita

Band-winged Grasshopper
Band-winged Grasshopper

Ben Lomond Spineflower
Ben Lomond Spineflower

Ben Lomond buckwheat
Ben Lomond buckwheat
Zayante Sandhills Conservation Bank


The Zayante Sandhills are Unique and Rare
  • The endemic sandhill species are rare due to their limited geographic range, found only in Santa Cruz County and only on outcrops of sandy soils derived from marine deposits. (McGraw*)
  • Habitat destruction due to quarrying, development and agriculture has reduced and fragmented habitat. (McGraw*)
  • Historically, Zayante sandhills habitat was estimated to have covered 6,265 acres (Lee 1994). When the Mount Hermon June beetle was listed as an endangered species in January, 1997, an estimated 40 percent of its habitat had been lost and only 3,608 acres remained. Today, even less Sandhills habitat remains mostly due to residential development. (USFWS***)
  • Approximately 207 acres of sand habitat parkland remain, and 57 acres have the open structure required to support many unique sandhill endangered species. (McGraw*)
  • Recreation more negatively impacts native biodiversity in the sandhills than other system. (McGraw*)

  • Property Owners in the Sandhills Need Mitigation
  • Landowners with a federally threatened or endangered species on their property are struggling to meet local, state, and Federal regulatory requirements. (USFWS***)
  • Santa Cruz County harbors a number species that are provided Federal protection under the Endangered Species Act, many private landowners are in need of an incidental take permit (ITP) to legally conduct activities that would result in death or harm of those species. (USFWS***)
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are developing an interim-programmatic HCP (IPHCP) for the Mount Hermon June Beetle, Ben Lomond wallflower, and Ben Lomond spineflower to be used for small development projects proposed in the sandhills region for areas within existing, dense residential development. (USFWS***)
  • Mitigation lands are needed for both the IPHCP and Regional HCP projects. (USFWS***)

    Conservation Bank Property is High-Quality Habitat
  • Zayante Sandhills Conservation Bank is situated in the approximate central core or middle of the Zayante sandhills. (Arnold 2004**)
  • The Bank properties support a number of federally or state-listed endangered species of animals and plants, plus other plants that are treated as endangered species under CEQA. (Arnold 2004**)
  • Mount Hermon June beetle and the Zayante Band Wing grasshopper have known breeding habitat areas at the bank properties and the neighboring properties. (Arnold 2004**)

    Increased Conservation Bank Management Plan Restoration Efforts
  • Endowment funds are required to manage and monitor the land in perpetuity. (USFWS***)
  • Restoration enhancement projects designed to increase the abundance and distribution of endemic plant species and to increase populations in animal endangered species. (McGraw*)
  • Biodiversity research and strategies are needed to develop additional knowledge in preserved habitat. (McGraw*)
  • Develop ongoing education to increase sandhill awareness. (McGraw*)


  • More Information:

    Sandhills - Rare & Unique
    Sandhills - Habitat Loss
    Overview of Benefits





    * McGraw, J. M. 2004. Sandhills Conservation and Management Plan: A Strategy for Preserving Native Biodiversity in the Santa Cruz Sandhills. Report prepared for the Land Trust of Santa Cruz County. June 2004. 354 pages. ** Method for Determining the Number of Available Credits for the Zayante Sandhills Conservation Bank. Prepared by Richard A. Arnold, Ph.D. 2004. *** U.S. Fish and Wildlife





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